The Unexplained: The Mysterious Dixon Relics

Two items from the Dixon Relics found in the Great Pyramid at Giza. The hook was found in the south shaft, while the stone ball and wood were found in the north shaft. Theories range from foundational ritual objects to sacred astronomical tools to construction materials. Photo: British Museum

It’s said that Napoleon once spent time alone in the King’s Chamber.  He emerged an ashen and shaken man.  What had he seen?

To appreciate the mysteries of the Dixon Relics, we must first understand what is inside The Great Pyramid at Giza.  For the most part, there is nothing.

The Great Pyramid is the oldest of the three pyramids and it is the tallest—it is about 45 stories tall.  It is believed to have been constructed during the period from 2551-2528 BCE.  The pyramids are mostly solid piles of stone.  Inside the Great Pyramid, there is the King’s Chamber at one end of The Grand Gallery.

The Queen’s Chamber is below that and is reached by going through a separate passageway.  There is another chamber underground, beneath the pyramid and there is an escape hatch tunnel and some fresh airshafts.

The only thing thought to be remaining in the Great Pyramid is the King’s large tomb—a rectangular stone sarcophagus.  This pyramid was built years before elaborate glyphs and decorations were added, and there have been centuries for the pyramids to be plundered.  The huge granite sarcophagus is what remains.  It once contained the mummy of Khufu.

To add to the mystery of the Great Pyramid, there is a tale that Napoleon once spent some time alone in the King’s Chamber.  When he emerged he was an ashen and shaken man.  No one ever learned what caused this reaction in him.  Had he seen or heard something of a paranormal nature?  Did he have an epiphany about his own spot in history?

Sara Marie Hogg

Waynman Dixon was a British engineer who in fact designed the cylinder for transporting Cleopatra’s Needle.  He lived from 1844-1930.  He was involved in many projects.  On one of his projects, he discovered three artifacts actually found in the Great Pyramid—the only ones, to date.

The purpose of these relics, it is assumed, was to be used as tools.  One was a double hook made of copper and one was a dolerite ball.  There was a piece of cedar wood found with them.  It was once suggested that the cedar wood may have been attached to the double hook so that it could be used as a handle for an improvised tool.  Other theories that these items were used in rituals do not seem probable.

Where were these relics found?  They were just off the Queen’s Chamber—the name of the chamber, but a misnomer at that.  Dixon took the hook and the ball. He later donated them to the British Museum.  His tour companion, James Grant took the piece of cedarwood.  Grant was an Aberdeen physician who had traveled to Egypt to treat cholera.  There he met Dixon and they became friends.  His daughter donated the cedar piece to the  University of Aberdeen Museum system in 1946.

This is where another mystery begins.  Scientists have wanted the cedar wood so they can use it for carbon dating.  To know when it was left there by workmen would be fascinating, indeed.  The Aberdeen Museum has undergone changes for several years and is no longer open to the public.

Some of the museum items are put on display temporarily in the King’s Museum.  The piece of cedar has been lost for over seventy years.  Frantic searches could not locate it anywhere.

The missing 5,000-year-old relic has been re-discovered by a curatorial assistant.  Although it was stored in a cigar box that was decorated with the old flag of Egypt, it was discovered in a group of Asian relics.  Abeer Eladany was so excited when she realized what she had in her hand.   When she opened the box, it was filled with wood fragments.

Covid has delayed the radioactive dating, but that has been done now and the age of the cedar is 3341-3094 BC—500 years earlier than estimated in historical records.  This proved that the relics were left in the pyramid at the time of construction and not added later.

The tree itself could have been very old, adding to the years.

Sara Marie Hogg is the author of Curious, Indeed, a collection of true stories about the unknown and unexplained. Please click HERE to find the book on Amazon.

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